Dog Nutrition and Obesity
The range of Dog food for your dog is very large nowadays. Different advice is given on all sides about what is best for your dog. Nutrition remains tailor-made, you must look at the Dog food that your dog does best.
Dry dog food (chunks)
Dry Dog food can be divided into two categories, chunks and dinner. Both are for sale from many different brands and of different quality. Dry Dog food usually consists of animal ingredients, vegetable ingredients, and grains. A good dry Dog food mainly contains meat (or fish) and animal fat and no chemical additives. Today there are also many brands of pellets that are grain-free and based on animal ingredients.
Wet dog food
Wet Dog food is canned Dog food, although nowadays it is sometimes also available in sausages. This Dog food contains relatively much moisture, on average 80%. The ingredients are comparable to those of the dry Dog food. Wet Dog food is relatively expensive and less nutritious.
Dog Nutrition and Obesity – Fresh dog food
Fresh dog feeding can be divided into three groups, namely:
- Naturally Raw Dog food, this involves feeding whole prey and generally not giving any vegetables.
- Bones and Raw Dog food, this is a menu for the dog composed based on certain percentages of bone, muscle meat, organs, vegetables and others
- Ready-made Fresh Dog Meat, this is a ground Dog food that is generally bought frozen. There types of dog foods that are complete and there types of dog food that are simple and incomplete. Vegetables have also been added to several types of CDV.
The amount of Dog food to be fed depends on many factors: race, age, size, weight and amount of activity are some factors. One dog is not the other, one can have a much greater energy requirement than the other. The amounts of Dog food indicated on the packaging by most manufacturers are often on the ample side.
By weighing the dog and the Dog food regularly, you can determine whether you are giving enough, too much or too little Dog food. You can also determine the nutritional status of your dog on the ribs. Ribs should be easy to feel, but not to be seen.
How often to feed
Dogs are fed several times a day, depending on the stage of life the dog is in. Adult dogs need 2 feedings per day. Young dogs are more often fed small portions, so as not to put too much strain on the stomach and intestines. It is often assumed that:
- up to four months 3 to 5 times a day
- four to 8 months 3 times a day
- after 8 months, preferably twice a day
Research shows that almost half of the dogs are overweight. Obesity (overweight) can be harmful to a dog in several ways.
The risk of the following conditions increases significantly:
- the risk of diabetes (diabetes mellitus)
- the risk of joint problems
- the risk of liver disease
- the risk of heart and breathing problems
- the risk of skin complaints
It is therefore important not to feed indefinitely but to look at the condition of the dog and to choose Dog food that matches the energy needs of the dog. Some dog breeds are more prone to being overweight. One dog is also much more active than the other dog.
Especially after castration or sterilization, it is important to pay close attention to the weight. The body undergoes a hormonal change and requires less energy (especially the first months after surgery). Continuing to feed the same amount of Dog food can lead to obesity.
If a dog is overweight, it is not enough to put the dog on a ration and thus give fewer calories. The dog may then lack certain essential nutrients. A so-called “light” diet has a limited fat content but is rich in fiber and proteins. Protein and fiber make the dog feel full and limit the breakdown of muscle tissue.
When do you speak of Dog Obesity?
Overweight arises because the dog accumulates excess fat in the body. The ribs and vertebrae should be felt with a flat hand. If you only feel fur, then it is overweight.
When your dog’s body weight is less than 15% above the ideal weight, we speak of slightly overweight. If the animal’s body weight is more than 15% above the ideal weight, this is referred to as obesity. It is important to realize that for a dog of 10 kg, a weight gain of 1 kg is approximately equal to a weight gain of 5 to 7 kg in an average woman.
According to the Toller breed standard, the ideal weight for adult males is between 20 and 23 kg and for adult bitches between 17 and 20 kg. If this is different, it does not automatically mean that your dog is underweight or overweight. After all, not every dog is the same.
Treating Dog Obesity
If you are seriously overweight, your dog will have to lose weight. This can be achieved with an active lifestyle, sufficient exercise, and an adapted diet. The vet or nutritionist can tailor a feeding schedule for you. Dr. Becker’s book is a great tip for helping our getting your dog back into shape.
Diet Dog food for dogs
When using specialized balanced Dog foods, it is not wise and undesirable to add supplements such as vitamins and minerals or fresh meat to the diet. Nutrition plays a very important role in the health and welfare of an animal. For dogs and cats, there are several excellent Dog food brands on the market available from a pet store.
Unfortunately, sometimes, an animal gets sick and is fed dietary Dog food on the advice of a vet. It is important for the health of the pet to follow this diet.
Prescribed diet Dog food is only available from the vet. When the dog must switch to a diet, this can only be done under strict supervision.
In recent years, there are more and more different types of this diet Dog food for sale at the vet. For example, there are diets for kidney patients and liver patients, but also animals with diabetes or a Dog food allergy. Animals with bladder stones or bladder stones can also be treated with a special diet. Prescribing such a special diet Dog food is based on a diagnosis made by the vet. That diagnosis is made by examination of the patient himself, but also based on urine and/or blood tests.
For more information about diet Dog food, please refer to your vet or the website of the dog Dog food manufacturers.